1 preliminaries title page abstract acknowledgments contents page 2 main text, 1 introduction 2 research question/statement of problem 3/4 literature review 5 methodology 6/7 results 8 discussion/implications 9 conclusion 3 end matter, bibliography/references appendices. Chapter 1: introduction chapter 2: literature review chapter 3: methods chapter 4: paper 1 & general discussion chapter 5: paper 2 chapter 6: regular thesis chapter – results chapter 7: regular thesis chapter/general discussion tying in published and unpublished work chapter 8: conclusion appendices - may. The masters level dissertation is distinguished from other forms of writing by its the contents page should list the chapter headings, appendices, references and the discussion in the introduction to the dissertation you described the context of the research in the literature survey you analysed the work of previously. In this sense you are prefacing your work and how it relates to other academic studies by your discussion of it in your literature review one thing to remember however is that just because you talk about an author's work in your literature review, doesn't mean you never mention it again in your dissertation in the discussion. This chapter should have a summary that ties together the main headings of the chapter also, be sure to preview for the reader what is coming in chapters 3, 4, and 5 of the dissertation for the dissertation proposal, this paragraph will only address chapter 3 note: • the apa publication manual is the guideline for the. The contents page will give page numbers for the main sections and will show the structure of the dissertation, including headings and sub-headings findings and results give the data that has been collected, while the discussion argues that the results lead to the clearly expressed conclusion, with any limitations.
Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician the aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript additionally, we address various issues regarding manuscripts in general it is advisable to work on a. Subsequent headings of equal importance to the first heading also go at level 1 ( here, method, results, and discussion) for subsections, we a sixth level of subheading doesn't exist in apa style, so check with your university or dissertation advisor to see whether they have directions for you to follow. Headings in the text frequent errors frequent errors include lack of parallelism in headings and subheadings, as well as wording in the table of contents that dissertation discussion is concise and precise frequent errors errors occur when the introduction does not clearly reflect the study and/or its rela- tionship to the. On twitter this week two people asked me for advice for starting the discussion chapter of their thesis / dissertation (i'm going to use the word thesis from now on because i am australian) i didn't feel up to answering in 140 characters or less, so i promised a post on it today if you are feeling anxious about.
Depending on your preference for writing, the findings and discussion sections can be the most rewarding sections of your total dissertation by this once you have these headings, it might be helpful to go back to your data and highlight specific lines that can/might be used as examples in your writing. Relevant headings and subheadings should be included or excluded ( particularly with grounded theory approaches) be distinguished through the use of apa level-2 or 3 headings: (a) an introduction to the section (b) a discussion of the theoretical perspective (theoretical lens) within which the study will be grounded. In some reports, especially short lab reports, these two sections can be combined under one heading: in longer reports, a discussion of previous research will be part of the literature review and placed in its own section or chapter in a longer report, or a dissertation thesis, you may put other results in the appendix.
List all headings and subheadings with page numbers indent subheadings it will look something like this: introduction subheads methods subheads results subheads discussion subheads conclusion recommendations acknowledgments the introduction should be focused on the thesis question(s. In many thesis the discussion is the most important section make sure that you allocate enough time and space for a good discussion this is your opportunity to show that you have understood the significance of your findings and that you are capable of applying theory in an independent manner. Page 1 page 2. Biology third year dissertation discussion read the task in box 1 objectives can be used as sub-headings to structure the discussion, thereby integrating introduction and discussion chapters this chapter allows the the discussion can be concluded with a sub-heading entitled 'conclusions and future work' step 2.
This is an extended piece – often structured like a report – which usually involves undertaking research or a project (this may be based your placement or previous work experience) as well as reflection on and discussion of that work the focus of this article will be on writing the dissertation – that is, producing the finished. Discussion and results 17 55 thesis subject the student has to prepare a master's thesis in order to obtain the degree of master of science in economics and business administration (higher university degree) the subject of heading (otherwise the examiner evaluating the language of the thesis will not be able to.
In the discussion section, the past tense is generally used to summarize the findings but when you are interpreting the results or describing the significance of the findings, the present tense should be used often, a combination of both the past and the present tense is used in sentences within the. When you started does that change in your thinking appear in your data discussion outline of a qualitative thesis here are the components that david silverman suggests - in the 'writing up' section of doing qualitative research – are necessary in a qualitative thesis we will be using his headings in the various units of.
4 days ago annesley thomas m “the discussion section: your closing argument” clinical chemistry 56 (november 2010): 1671-1674 bitchener, john and helen basturkmen “perceptions of the difficulties of postgraduate l2 thesis students writing the discussion section” journal of english for academic. When writing a dissertation or thesis, the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write this is likely to be one of the longest sections of your dissertation, and it's a good idea to break it down into chunks with sub-headings to help your reader to navigate. Writing the discussion the discussion section is a framing section, like the introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction so reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion you will discuss how the hypothesis has been demonstrated by the new research and then show. You've conducted your research, analyzed your findings and written your results you're tired and the last thing you want to do is keep writing yet, arguably the most difficult part of writing your dissertation awaits: your discussion, the place where you sew up the various threads of your research into a cohesive narrative.