(a) explain why there was disappointment at the reforms of alexander ii (12 marks) general advice (b) 'tsarism proved very effective in resisting pressure for change between 1855 and 1905' to what (b) how effective was the tsarist regime in developing russia's economy during the years 1881 to 1914 (24 marks. Russia's reformist tsar of the 1800s, alexander ii the revolutions of 1905 and 1917 were preceded by a century of reform and reaction in russia the 19th century was a tumultuous one for the empire, full of demands for change, attempts at reform and uncertain outcomes the first significant threat to tsarist autocracy came. Alexander was originally enamored of napoleon bonaparte, but came to believe that napoleon betrayed him in the second half he turned to a much more arbitrary manner of conduct, which led to the abolishing of many early reforms in foreign policy alexander gained a certain success, winning several. Alexander ii was the emperor of russia from 2 march 1855 until his assassination on 13 march 1881 he was also the king of poland and the grand duke of finland alexander's most significant reform as emperor was emancipation of russia's serfs in 1861, for which he is known as alexander the liberator (russian:. The proprietary or seigniorial serfs were the property of individual landowners and lived in conditions of virtual slavery alexander ii proclaimed their liberation from personal bondage on 3 march (19 february a municipal reform of 1870 established town councils, similar to the zemstvos, which were even more successful. A kind and gentle man who refused to recognize political reality of russia and introduce meaningful political reform reign characterized by defeat at one major success during the reign of alexander iii was the acceleration of industrial development that continued under his son nicholas ii the man most.
Whether out of genuine progressive beliefs or merely a need for an effective conscript army when the next war developed, alexander ii initiated a period of reform in russia with the february 19, 1861 emancipation of the serfs this emancipation, however, was barely related to what the peasants themselves were. The new tsar accepted the loss in the war, which was essential because alexander could not begin instituting his reforms until the fighting ceased enlist for only six months15 the first of many other successful reforms in the military that went into effect under tsar alexander ii was ridding the army of humiliating corporal. Although a believer in autocracy, the reign of alexander saw a number of fundamental reforms russia's disastrous performance during the crimean war of 1853-56, in which russia's military inferiority, weak infrastructure and a backward economy based on serfdom, was exposed, confirmed for the new.
These groups were beginning to actively show their discontent at the limited reforms alexander ii had introduced would eventually result in the formation of the people's will, the group responsible for the assassination of alexander ii himself on 1st march 1881 it can thus be seen that alexander ii did not successful cope. As clearly seen during the crimean war russia was inept at mobilizing and fighting a war on its own soil in the wake of this disaster and subsequent international embarrassment, the new tsar, alexander ii, pragmatically set about reforming russia to make his empire more competitive with europe.
Yanice allenspach how successful were alexander ii's reforms in modernising russia before his death in 1881 alexander ii was (and still is) very controversial discussed by historians, his reforms and their success as well this essay will clarify the achievement of every reform, alexander ii established, and at the end. The essentially conservative nature of alexander's reforms is betrayed by the continuity in policy from the reign of his predecessor nicholas i (1825-1855) only by reforming the very foundations of russian society could effective military capacity be restored and great power status recovered serfdom was also condemned.
During the reign of alexander ii, many reforms were instituted that changed russia forever these reforms brought the nation in line with the rest of western europe and helped the nation find a firmer footing within itself and with the rest of the world yet, these reforms did not come without a cost. Relative merits of each reform : : and reach a judgement about how : : successful it was o- other reforms what were the other reforms undertaken by alexander ii and what consequences did they have the emancipation edict had removed the gentry's automatic authority over the peasantry and effectively undermined the.
What were alexander ii's aims in embarking upon his social and political reforms historians have been divided were its successes and failures as terry morris and derrick murphy point out, viewing the emancipation as a 'success' or a 'failure' depends very much on what criteria it is judged against. After the darkness into which paul had plunged russia, alexander appeared to his subjects as a radiant dawn he was handsome, strong, pleasant, humane, and full of enthusiasm he wanted his reign to be a happy one and dreamed of great and necessary reforms with four friends, who were of noble families but. The period in which alexander ii ruled over russia was definitely a revolutionizing and transforming one meant a great administrative reform made all men liable to join the army at the age of 20 the minister of war reforms to the legal system were actually successful but this land was usually very expensive and the. How successful were the reforms of alexander ii in achieving their aims 22 • one musket for every two soldiers • russian weaponry out of date and inferior to british and french weaponry • russia dependent upon fear tactics to motivate conscripts • russia had no rail system for troop transport or for.
The more freedoms or rights they grant, the more the people are likely to use these freedoms to cry for more such was certainly the case in 19th-century russia for tsar alexander ii alexander ii enacted widespread and sweeping reforms, most notably ending serfdom, only to be assassinated by a group of nationalist. Show successfully did alexander iii suppress opposition alexander iii was the tsar of russia from 1881 to 1894 and during his reign, russia became somewhat stable, and alexander himself opposed his father's reforms and stamped out any opposition to his rule his father, alexander ii had allowed. Alexander iii was the 'great reactionary'” assess the validity of this view a level history essay – bethany lee alexander ii is known as the 'great reformer' however, this isn't necessarily valid because even though he does focus on reforming, the greatness (success and spread) of these reforms is debatable oppositely. Political decentralization legal reforms favoring the wealthy state finances and infrastructure growth corporal punishment ended in the military other reforms and economic growth instead of trying to rule all of under alexander ii, the system for state finances was improved, laying a foundation for industrial expansion.